National musical instruments to ring in Baku


January 17, 2022 15:55 (UTC+04:00)


By Laman Ismayilova

Azerbaijan enjoys a rich musical tradition. The country has been famous for its traditional musical instruments since ancient times. Most of them have reached our time.

Traditional musical instruments of Azerbaijan will resound at the State Philharmonic on January 25. The concert will take place within the framework of the “Youth Support” project.

The National Orchestra of Folk Instruments will perform at the evening under the baton of Artistic Director and Conductor People’s Artist Aghaverdi Pashayev and Conductor Honored Artist Ilaha Huseynova.

Soloists of the Children’s and Youth Orchestra of Folk Instruments of the Azerbaijan State Children’s Philharmonic, pupils of music schools and students will take part in the concert.

Tar musicians Boyukagha Aghaaliyev, Mirnofel Hasanov, Aykhan Yagubzade, kamancha performers Ali Muradov, Makhir Hajiyev, Abid Chalabi, Tural Akhundov, mugham singer Farid Azizli, cannon performers Mehinbanu Bayramli and Ali Karimli, flautist Mukhamed Jabbarov and oud performer Murad Karimov will perform works by domestic and foreign composers.

Saz is a lute-like stringed musical instrument. The instrument has a pear-shaped body, a neck with bound sliding frets, a wooden soundboard and double or triple strings.

Kamancha is a bowed string instrument, which is widespread among the peoples of East and Central Asia under a variety of names.

The art of making and playing with the kamancha, a bowed string musical instrument, has been inscribed on UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

The tar or a long-necked lute is traditionally made and played throughout Azerbaijan

It is made from mulberry, walnut and pear trees, and the face of the instrument is made of bovine heart membrane. Its strings differ in thickness and composition.

The music and craftsmanship of the Azerbaijani musical instrument, tar, was included in the UNESCO list in 2012.

Balaban is a cylindrical bore, double reed wind instrument with seven finger holes and one thumb hole. When playing the balaban, you need to use the fingers of both hands to open and close certain holes. It can be made of mulberry or other harder woods, such as walnut.

The silver ring, which is over 2,000 years old, was discovered during archaeological excavations in the village of Bargoed in the Ujar region.

Ring with blue stone printed with the image of Balaban. The word “balaban” combines two Azerbaijani-Turkish words “bal” and “ban”.

“Bala” means small or fragile and “ban” is an archaic meaning “voice”.

The name of the first performer of this instrument in Azerbaijan is unknown. However, the earliest performer of chang was the poetess Mahsati Ganjavi. In his works, Nizami also notes the name of Nagisa, master harpist and composer of the royal court of King Khosrau II of Persia.

This musical instrument is one of the most loved by the people of Azerbaijan.

The balaban is included in orchestras and ensembles of folk instruments. The sound of the balaban is clearly reflected in such musical pieces as “Second Fantasy” (Uzeir Hajibayli), “Dance Suite” (Muslim Magomayev), “In Dreams” (Khalil Jafarov), etc.

Oud is a pear-shaped string instrument with 11 or 13 strings grouped in 5 or 6 courses. The four strings of the musical instrument were assimilated to the four elements of nature: fire, water, earth, air. He was often depicted in miniature painting works.

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